McKay: Violin Concerto; Suite on Sixteenth Century Hymn Tunes; Sinfonietta
No. 4; Song Over the Great Plains John McLaughlin Williams, Natl. Radio
SO of Ukraine Naxos 8.559225
An Extremely Strong Program of McKay's Fine Music
This CD is the third in a series devoted to the music of George
Frederick McKay (1899-1970) which certainly deserves whatever attention
it is currently getting. One hopes that the years of neglect that
this composer's music has experienced--largely because for most of his
professional life he lived in the Pacific Northwest, far away from US
classical music centers--are over. He is remembered with fondness,
though, by citizens of Seattle, where his music has continued to be
performed occasionally; by alumni of the University of Washington where
he taught for many years; and by such students of his as the eminent
current-day composer William Bolcom, who indeed was a major participant
in the second CD in the series devoted to McKay's chamber music. One
only wishes that another of his former students, Goddard Lieberson, who
went on to become a huge influence in the classical music recording
industry, had done something to preserve his music in recordings, but
alas that didn't happen. This CD, the second to present orchestral music
of McKay's conducted by John McLaughlin Williams, is a fine addition to
the series. It comprises four very different works that, among other
things, show the range that McKay had.
By far the most important work here is the Violin Concerto (1940) which
is here played with real commitment, virtuosic precision and ravishing
tone by Brian Reagin, a violinist new to me but one who bears watching.
He is currently the concertmaster of the North Carolina Symphony Orchestra
and was previously assistant concertmaster of the Pittsburgh Symphony.
The Concerto, in three movements in the usual fast-slow-fast arrangement,
is played without pause. The first movement is dramatic and declamatory.
The first appearance of the violin is a statement of the movement's most
important theme in double-stops and gossamer arpeggios. The orchestra
features peremptory brass interjections that, an evidence of McKay's
expertise, do not ever cover the soloist. There are several cadenzas
in this movement, none long but all of them extraordinarily virtuosic.
The final cadenza leads into the lyrical second movement which is clearly
the heart of the concerto. Harmonically this movement sounds, to this
listener, as if it could only have been composed in the 1940s, using as
it does chromatic and bluesy harmonies that were newly in the air during
that time. Think, if you will, of the harmonies and sinuous melodic
contour of David Raksin's theme-song for the movie, 'Laura,' written
three years later, and you'll have some idea of this movement's atmosphere;
I hasten to add that what McKay does here is miles more effective (and
sophisticated) than Raksin's effort. A passage for solo violin and flute
leads into the exuberantly rhythmic third movement which begins with
woodwind writing that reminded me right away of the similarly orchestrated
wind chords in Edward MacDowell's 'Indian Suite.' And indeed both the
melodic and rhythmic elements of this movement remind one of authentic
Indian music, through the prism of classical techniques, and at the same
time the mild jazziness of the earlier movements continues. This is an
extraordinarily strong violin concerto and I would venture to say that
it is the equal of Samuel Barber' s concerto which some think is the
finest ever written by an American. This is strong praise, I realize,
about which I've thought seriously. I'll go further and say that McKay's
third movement is more effective that Barber's.
The 'Suite on Sixteenth Century Hymn Tunes' (originally for organ, 1945;
rev. 1962) is for strings alone (except for the appropriate addition
of the celesta in the fourth movement, 'Choeur celeste'). The strings
are divided into two separate orchestras. The five movements are
elaborations on hymns by 16th century French composer, Louis Bourgeois,
written for John Calvin' s Genevan Psalter. The tunes themselves are
lovely, and their incorporation into McKay's work extremely effective.
I particularly liked the concluding 'Cortege joyeux,' a celebratory
'Sinfonietta No. 4' (1942), one of five McKay wrote, was, according
to the very informative notes by conductor Williams, a precursor to his
'true' symphony, the so-called 'Evocation' Symphony, recorded nicely
in the first CD in this series. In three movements, the first is more
neo-classic, spare, rhythmically asymmetric, harmonically astringent and
bracing than the other works on this CD. The second movement evokes,
with its lonely wind solos, the wide-open spaces of the American West
without sounding in the least like Copland's brand of 'Western-ness.'
Again, there is an American Indian tinge to the melodies. The finale,
Allegro gioioso e ritmico molto, is McKay in a playful, even prankish,
mood. It burbles along cheerfully, interrupted now and again by brass
fanfares and chirruping winds. Yet, it is in modified sonata allegro
form, with concentrated development and recapitulation leading to a
jubilant coda that ends abruptly with a hiccup.
The final work, 'Song Over the Great Plains' (1953), was written
on commission from the Indianapolis Symphony who asked for a work
to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Steinway
Piano Company. It has an important piano obbligato part, played here
by Ludmilla Kovaleva, but is not quite a piano concerto. It is a
fourteen-minute single movement work that evokes early spring in the
northern Great Plains--McKay had spent some time teaching in South Dakota
before moving to Seattle--and quotes the call of the western meadowlark,
happily quite recognizable by this reviewer from Kansas for whom it is
the state bird. The work has a main theme that sounds like a folksong,
but Williams assures us it is original with McKay. It builds to a climax
followed by a long piano cadenza before dying away as softly as it began.
A lovely piece worthy of being mentioned in the same breath as Vaughan
Williams's own lark piece, 'The Lark Ascending.'
One cannot praise too highly conductor John McLaughlin Williams for
bringing us the music in this extraordinary program, nor the playing
of the National Radio Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine whose growing number
of excellent recordings of American music should surely qualify them for
honorary US citizenship.